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Warner WASHINGTON, Sr.

Male 1722 - 1790  (67 years)


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  • Name Warner WASHINGTON 
    Suffix Sr. 
    Birth 1715  Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Born 22 Sep 1722  Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Will 20 Nov 1789  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 23 Jun 1790  Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 1 Sep 1791  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Myers, Lorraine F., Brown, Stuart E., Jr. & Chappel, Eileen M., Some Old Families of Clarke County, Virginia, Berryville, VA: Virginia Book Company, 1994, pp. 431-432:

      Warner Washington of "Fairfield" (9/22/1722-6/23/1790), m. (1st) 12/1/1747 Elizabeth Macon (d. 4/28/1763, age 34), m. (2nd) ca. 1764 Hannah Fairfax (8/__/1742-5/29/1804), dau. of William and Deborah Clark Fairfax of "Belvoir".

      Children and descendants by first wife: . . .

      [i] Boy (twin) b. and d. 2/1/1748. . . .

      [ii] Girl (twin) b. and d. 8/1/1748. . . .

      [iii] John Washington (8/5/1749-11/__/1758). . . .

      [iv] Warner Washington, Jr. (4/15/1751-d. prior to 6/2/1829), m. (1st) 10/18/1770 Mary Whiting (3/30/1754-1794), m. (2nd) 6/13/1795 Sarah Warner Rootes (all of her children were born at "Audley"). Warner and Mary lived at "Clifton" where all of their children except John Whiting Washington were born. He later moved to "Audley" and then to "Llewellyn" which he built. . . .

      Children by second wife of Warner Washington:

      [v] Mildred Washington (b. 3/22/1766 at "Fairfield"), m. 12/13/ 1785 Albion Throckmorton. . . .

      [vi] Hannah Fairfax Washington (4/20/1767 at "Fairfield"-1828), m. 6/10/1788 Peter Beverley Whiting, Jr. . . .

      [vii] Catherine Washington (b. 4/1/1769 at "Belvoir"), m. (1st) 11/3/1789 Dr. John Nelson (d. 1806), m. (2nd) John Milton of "Milton Valley".

      [viii] Frances Moseley Washington (11/30/1770-11/30/1772). . . .

      [ix] Elizabeth Washington (b. 9/21/1773 at "Fairfield"), m. 7/11/1795 George Booth, M.D.

      [x] Louisa Whiting Washington (11/9/1775 at "Fairfield"-4/28/ 1798), m. 1/18/1798 her first cousin Thomas Fairfax, son of Rev. Bryan Fairfax. She was the second of his three wives. . . .

      [xi] Fairfax Washington (b. 6/28/1778 at "Fairfield"), m. 10/18/ 1798 Sarah Armistread. . . .

      [xii] Whiting Washington (b. 9/ /1780 at "Fairfield"), m. 2/23/ 1804 Rebecca Smith of "Battletown".

      (2) Wayland, John W., The Washingtons and Their Homes, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004, pp. 171-181:

      Warner Washington I was a first-cousin to George Washington, and although seventeen years his senior the two evidently were fond of each other's society. Many times Warner is mentioned in George's diaries. He was frequently at Mount Vernon, for instance, in February 1769, when he, Colonel George William Fairfax, and the host went fox-hunting. The diary entry reads:

      Fox hunting with Colo. G. Fairfax and Mr. Warnr. Washington. Started and killed a Dog fox, after havg. him on foot three hours and hard runng. an hour and a Qr. Dined at Colo. Fairfax's.

      Colonel Fairfax was Warner's brother-in-law and lived at Belvoir, on the Potomac, not far below Mount Vernon, where his father William, who had died in 1757, had lived. The next day, February 28, Washington wrote:

      At home all day. Mr. Warnr. Washington and Lady and Miss Betcy Washington came here and staid all Night.

      "Betcy" was probably the daughter of Augustine Washington, George's half-brother. The same company remained at Mount Vernon, in good old Virginia style, for four or five days longer. George Washington, in subsequent years, visited Warner a number of times at Fairfield.

      Warner Washington I, born in 1715 at Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, was the eldest son of John Washington (uncle to George) and his wife Catherine Whiting. His paternal grandparents were Lawrence Washington and Mildred Warner. He had a brother Henry Washington who lived in Middlesex County. Warner married (1) Elizabeth Macon, daughter of Colonel William Macon of New Kent County, by whom he had one [?] child, Warner Washington II, named for the boy's father and his great-grandmother's family. In or about 1765 Warner I married (2) Hannah Fairfax, daughter of William Fairfax of Belvoir, and sister to Colonel George William Fairfax, who as a young man had been an associate of young George Washington as an explorer and surveyor for Thomas Lord Fairfax.

      About the time of his second marriage Warner Washington I, by deeds of lease and release, acquired from his brother-in-law, George William Fairfax, 1600 acres of land on and near Long Marsh, then in Frederick County, whereon he built Fairfield and lived for the remainder of his life. Fairfield is now in Clarke County, about three and a half miles northeast of Berryville. The records of Warner's purchase on Long Marsh were made in the high court of chancery at Williamsburg and were destroyed in the burning of Richmond in 1865, but references to the conveyances are to be found in the deed books of Frederick County in Winchester.

      It has not been ascertained exactly when Warner Washington moved to Fairfield, but the approximate date is indicated by a number of incidents. In May 1769 he was listed as a magistrate of Frederick County. On the first of August of that year he was living at or near Fairfield, for on that date George Washington, his wife, and Patsy Custis stopped there with him, remaining several days. On September 10 (1769) they were at Warner's home again and were entertained over night. The next month (October 1769) Warner was listed again as a justice of the peace in Frederick County.

      It is said that the third child of Hannah and Warner Washington was born in 1769 at Belvoir. This may have been early in the year before they moved to Fairfield or vicinity, or Hannah may have been at Belvoir temporarily even after settling in Frederick.
      The visits of the Washingtons of Mount Vernon with Warner Washington in 1769 are of special interest. On the first occasion, August 1-4, they were enroute to Bath, a health resort 18 miles northwest of the present city of Martinsburg, near the Potomac River, now familiar as Berkeley Springs. Patsy Custis, the daughter of Mrs. Washington by her first marriage, was in poor health, and it was hoped that a sojourn at the medicinal springs would prove of benefit to her. The three, Washington, his wife, and Patsy Custis, traveled in the family chariot. They left Mount Vernon early on the morning of July 31, reaching West's ordinary near Bull Run Mountain in the evening, lodging there. The next day they dined at Snicker's and arrived at Warner Washington's about five o'clock in the afternoon.

      Warner Washington was not at home-he was in Winchester on business-but he returned in the afternoon of August 2. On the 4th Rev. Charles Mynn Thruston, later one of the fighting parsons of the Revolution, and his wife were also guests of Warner Washington, dining with the Washingtons from Mount Vernon. Mr. Thruston had come up from Gloucester County just the year before to be rector of Frederick Parish. He and his wife were probably on their way to the springs at this time-he dined at the springs with George Washington and several other gentlemen on the 19th of the month.

      The Mount Vernon group, on their way to the springs, did not get away from Warner Washington's until the morning of the 5th, being detained two days by the breakdown of the wagon in which goods and supplies for the sojourn at the springs were being carried. This evidently was a four-horse wagon, and heavily loaded, for two of the horses died on the way. It was the season of hot weather, and the long, rough road up from tidewater, culminating in the heartbreaking steeps of the Blue Ridge, had proved too much for the faithful beasts. The journey after leaving Warner's led by Jacob Hite's, now Leetown, and Joshua Hedges's, where the party lodged. They arrived at the springs on the 6th about one o'clock and dined with Colonel Fairfax.

      When, in 1776, Lord Fairfax laid out the town of Bath and secured a charter for it, Warner Washington, Samuel Washington, and Rev. Charles M. Thruston were among the 14 trustees appointed. The 50 acres platted for the town were on the "Warm Springs Tract," which was a part of the "Swan Pond Tract."

      At Berkeley Springs today is a magnificent tree known as the Washington Elm. It stands near the cottage which was frequently occupied by General Washington and other members of his family.

      After 34 days at the springs in 1769, Washington, Mrs. Washington, and Patsy Custis set out for home, where they arrived in the afternoon of the 12th of September. Enroute they lodged at Warner's the night of the 10th.

      In March 1771 George Washington again visited his cousin Warner at or near Fairfield. He was in the Valley this time for a period of ten days in conference at Winchester with officers who were to share with him extensive bounty lands in the Ohio Valley, and writing out instructions for the surveyors. Five days he spent with his brother Samuel at Harewood and other gentlemen in the vicinity, then on March 11 rode from Harewood to Warner's where he remained until the next day. The next year, in May, he spent several days with Warner Washington and at other places in the neighborhood.

      In September 1784, when General Washington was starting on a tour westward, he held an important conference at the home of his brother Charles, at Happy Retreat, where the town was laid off two years later on Charles's land and given his name. By appointment, Warner Washington, whose home was about ten miles distant, came to this conference. Others were Ralph Wormeley, Thomas( ?) Trickett, and General Daniel Morgan. General Washington made in his diary this note:

      Colo. Warner Washington, Mr. Wormeley, Geni. Morgan, Mr. Trickett, and many other Gentlemen came here to see me-and one object of my journey being to obtain information of the nearest and best communication between the Eastern and Western Waters; and to facilitate as much as in me lay the Inland Navigation of the Potomack; I conversed a good deal with Genl. Morgan on this subject, who said, a plan was in contemplation to extend a Road from Winchester to the Western Waters, to avoid if possible an interference with any other State, but I could not discover that Either himself, or others, were able to point it out with Precision. He seemed to have no doubt but that the Counties of Frederk., Berkeley and Hampshire would contribute freely towards the extension of the Navigation of Potomack; as well as towards opening a Road from East to West.

      A month later General Washington returned from his western tour, coming down through Brook's Gap and across the county of Rockingham to Lynnwood, the home of surveyor Thomas Lewis, where he conferred with Mr. Lewis and Gabriel Jones, "The Lawyer," about a water-way from east to west, and particularly about the improvement of navigation on the Shenandoah River. Four years later, after inspecting the work in progress on the Potomac canal at Great Falls and Harper's Ferry, General Washington came up to Charles Town, dined there with his brother Charles, and then continued to Colonel Warner Washington's, at Fairfield, where he spent the evening and the night.

      This was in June 1788. By this time Warner Washington was feeling the weight of years, being then seventy-three years old. The next year he declined serving any longer on the county court, as Cartmell tells us, being one of the "old members." We may assume that he had been on the court (one of the county justices) all or most of the time since May 1769. On November 20, 1789, he made his will, terming himself Warner Washington Senior and declaring himself to be in health and of sound mind and memory. To his daughters Elizabeth and Louisa he left five working slaves and four children each, to be given them as soon as they, Elizabeth and Louisa, were 21 years of age; the slaves thus given to be equal in value with those already given to his daughters Mildred, Hannah, and Catherine. To his wife Hannah he left his Negro woman Cynthia, and for her natural life all his estate and possessions, not otherwise devised, consisting of lands, Negroes, horses, stock of all kinds, plate, furniture, carriages, etc. After her death all this was to go to his sons Fairfax and Whiting, Fairfax to have first choice in the division.

      To his son Warner Washington he gave his silver cross and silver salt cellars. Evidently Warner II had already received the bulk of his inheritance in lands, etc. To his grandson Warner Washington (Warner III) he left his silver watch. His wife Hannah was to be executrix and his son Warner executor of the will; they were also to be the guardians of Fairfax and Whiting until they were of legal age.

      At a court for the judicial district composed of the counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, and Shenandoah, held at Winchester, the will of Warner Washington I was proved on September 1, 1791, by the oaths of William Herbert, Richard Willis, and Ephraim Garrison. Warner Washington II refused to qualify as executor. The widow, Hannah Washington, qualified as executrix, with Warner Washington II and Albion Throckmorton securities on her bond of 10,000 pounds. Albion Throckmorton was probably Hannah Washington's son-in-law, her daughter Mildred having married a Throckmorton in Frederick County on December 13, 1785.

      On May 14, 1802, about eleven years after the death of Warner Washington I of Fairfield, his widow, Hannah Fairfax Washington, made her will. It is of special interest for two reasons: first because of the intimate family history it reveals; second, because of the large number of Negro slaves it names individually. While these names in a few cases, perhaps, were peculiar to this group, the majority of them, we may believe, were typical slave names of that time.

      The testatrix makes bequests to her daughters: Mildred Thockmorton, Hannah Whiting (Mrs. Peter Beverly Whiting), and Catharine Nelson (Mrs. John Nelson) ; to her granddaughters: Lucinda and Hannah Nelson; Hannah and Catharine Throckmorton; Louisa and Hannah Whiting; to her sons Fairfax and Whiting Washington; and to her nephew, "Mr. Tom. Fairfax." The Negro slaves were named and disposed of as follows:

      To her daughter Mildred Thockmorton, a woman named Mary and her children; also a boy Billy (son of Black Milly);

      To her daughter Hannah Whiting, a woman named Nanny (daughter of Milly); also a boy named Ben (son of Edy);

      To her daughter Catharine Nelson, a woman named Alice (daughter of Milly) ; also a boy named Billy (son of Sally);

      To her granddaughter Lucinda Nelson, a girl named Milly (daughter of Jenny);

      To her granddaughter Hannah Throckmorton, a woman named Aggy;

      To her granddaughter Catharine Throckmorton, a girl named Fanny; (Fanny "I bought at a sale of Negroes belonging to the Estate of Mr. Albion Throckmorton");

      To her granddaughter Louisa Whiting, a girl named Judy (daughter of Amey);

      To her granddaughter Hannah Nelson, a girl named Kitty (daughter of Jenny);

      To her granddaughter Hannah Whiting, a girl named Becky (daughter of Amey);

      To her sons Fairfax and Whiting Washington, "the residue of my Negroes, to be equally divided between them," to wit, Old Charles, Dick, Tom, Bristol, Carpenter Bill, Carpenter Charles, Scipio, Ben, Kitt, Lewis, Stepney, Greenwich, Charles, Dick, James, Harry, Bob, Dick, Godfrey, Miles, Phi11; the Blacksmith Billy "to work equally for both Plantations belonging to my two sons Fairfax and Whiting Washington"; the following women to Fairfax and Whiting: Old Nanny, Amey, Jenny, Sally, Sarah, Maria, Polly (a girl).

      "I will and Devise that the Negro Woman Cynthia have her freedom directly after my decease. She was given to me by my husband to Dispose of as I pleased."

      On September 3, 1804, the will of Hannah Fairfax Washington was presented in the Frederick County court and proved to be in her own handwriting. (See Frederick County Will Book No. 7, pages 238-240.)

      Elizabeth and Louisa, the younger daughters of Warner Washington I and his second wife, Hannah Fairfax, both married, as Frederick County records show, Elizabeth on June 11, 1795, with George Booth; Louisa on January 18, 1798, with Thomas Fairfax; but evidently both had died before May 14, 1802, when their mother made her will. That document recognizes neither, nor any child of either. "Mr. Tom Fairfax" was doubtless the surviving husband of Louisa.

      Fairfield has been among the celebrated farm homes of the Shenandoah Valley for more than a century. Samuel Kercheval, the Herodotus of the Valley, writes of it along with Claymont, Clifton, Tulyries, Greenway Court, Carter Hall, Belle Grove, and others. Of Fairfield he says:

      Mr. John Richardson is now the owner of the fine tract of land formerly owned by, and the residence of the late Col. Warner Washington, called "Fairfield," on which he has established an extensive distillery. The stillhouse is built of brick, attached to which a large yard is enclosed and nicely floored with the same material, for the purpose of raising and fattening pork. About every two months he sends off to the Baltimore market from eighty to one hundred head of finely fattened hogs. Mr. Richardson is a man of great industry and enterprise, farms extensively, and raises a fine stock of improved cattle. He, like many of our citizens, is the builder of his own fortune, having commenced on a very small capital.

      The first edition of Kercheval's book, "A History of the Valley of Virginia," a classic in its field, was published at Winchester in 1833. Three subsequent editions have been issued, two at Woodstock, one at Strasburg. Fairfield is still in the hands of the Richardsons, and has been constantly improved. At the same time, original features have been preserved as much as possible. The stone mansion has been enlarged from time to time, but parts of it date from the time of Warner Washington. The same is true of the large brick barn and several other old buildings that stand here and there. The gardens on the east, south, and southeast of the mansion house are extensive and beautiful.

      A quarter of a mile north of Fairfield proper is an old stone building, formerly a grist mill run by the waters of Long Marsh. For many years now it has been used as a barn for storing hay and grain in the upper stories, with stables on the ground floor. The race that carried the impounded water for running the old mill can still be traced along some parts of its course, but it has been filled up by silt at many places and others leveled with the surrounding fields by repeated farming operations.

      A short distance northwest of Fairfield is a very old dwelling house, a quaint rambling structure of stone, logs and brick, which attracts the notice of every antiquarian who passes along the highway (U. S. Route 340) between Berryville and Charles Town. No one seems to know the full history of this old building, but some believe that it was originaly the domicile of Colonel Warner Washington's overseer. For a considerable period years ago a school for boys was conducted by the gentleman who occupied it.

      (3) O'Dell, Cecil, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, Marceline, MO: Walsworth Publishing Company, 1995, p. 196:

      William [FROST, Sr.] had moved from the Back Creek area by 9 July 1756 when he purchased 455 acres from John Casine/Cazine and his wife Deborah for 60 pounds in present-day Clarke County, Virginia. On 1 August 1774, he purchased 61 acres adjacent west of the 455 acres from Warner Washington and his wife Hannah. These tracts are located north of Webbtown, Virginia, on County Highway 608 at the junction with 609 and 612, north of Virginia Highway 7 about 1?? miles.
    Person ID I17870  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 10 Sep 2018 

    Father John WASHINGTON,   b. 1692 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Catharine WHITING,   b. 1694,   d. 1742  (Age 48 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F8000  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Hannah FAIRFAX,   b. Aug 1742,   d. 29 May 1804, Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Married Abt 1764 
    Children 
     1. Louisa Whiting WASHINGTON,   b. 9 Nov 1775, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Apr 1798  (Age 22 years)  [natural]
     2. Elizabeth WASHINGTON,   b. 21 Sep 1773, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1795  (Age 21 years)  [natural]
     3. Whiting WASHINGTON,   b. Sep 1780, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1826  (Age ~ 45 years)  [natural]
     4. Fairfax WASHINGTON,   b. 28 Jun 1778, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Feb 1861  (Age 82 years)  [natural]
     5. Hannah Fairfax WASHINGTON,   b. 20 Apr 1767, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1827  (Age 59 years)  [natural]
     6. Mildred WASHINGTON,   b. 2 Mar 1766, "Fairfield," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1808  (Age 41 years)  [natural]
     7. Frances Moseley WASHINGTON,   b. 30 Nov 1770,   d. 30 Nov 1772  (Age 2 years)  [natural]
     8. Catharine WASHINGTON,   b. 1 Apr 1769, "Belvoir," Fairfax County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    Last Modified 10 Sep 2018 10:37:02 
    Family ID F7999  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth MACON,   b. Abt 1729 
    Married 1 Dec 1747 
    Children 
     1. John WASHINGTON,   b. 5 Aug 1749,   d. Nov 1758  (Age 9 years)  [natural]
     2. Warner WASHINGTON, Jr.,   b. 15 Apr 1751, Gloucester County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 2 Jun 1829, "Llewellyn," Frederick [now Clarke] County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 78 years)  [natural]
     3. --- WASHINGTON,   b. 1 Aug 1748,   d. 1 Aug 1748  (Age 0 years)  [natural]
     4. --- WASHINGTON,   b. 1 Aug 1748,   d. 1 Aug 1748  (Age 0 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 10 Sep 2018 10:37:02 
    Family ID F8001  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart