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Pieter Cornelisse LOW

Male Abt 1643 - Bef 1692  (~ 48 years)


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  • Name Pieter Cornelisse LOW 
    Born Abt 1643  Holstein [now Schleswig-Holstein], Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN K3WG-LL 
    Name Pieter Cornelisse LOUW 
    Will 1 Nov 1676  Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Will 20 Dec 1690  Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died Bef 1692  Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 4 Mar 1708  Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • (1) According to the Ancestral File, Peter was born in Halbrand, Holstein, Germany. The compiler has not found a populated place named Halbrand in present-day Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

      (2) http://olivetreegenealogy.com/ships/nnship31.shtml:

      DE TROUW (THE FAITH)

      Sailed after 13 Feb. 1659 [JJ], on 12 Feb 1659 [NWI], arrived New Amsterdam before 5 May 1659

      Peter Corneliss, from Holsteyn; Labourer

      (3) Epperson, Gwenn F., "Another Low Family of New York and New Jersey," New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vol. 119, pp. 193-195 (October 1988):

      In James Riker's Revised History of Harlem, published in 1904, is found a very comprehensive account of the Harlem Low family descending from Laurens Jansen, born at Leerdam in the Netherlands. However, Mr. Riker explains:

      This family must be distinguished from another of the same name, to which it bore no relationship, that of Ulster County . . . ; members of which also lived in New York and New Jersey. It is indeed difficult to separate the two after the one left Harlem, and, in regard to the latter family, we should welcome further information. (Har. 582)

      It is with this request in mind that the author will endeavor to identify "an??other Low family of New York and New Jersey," eighty-four years after Mr. Riker wrote his book; thereby correcting some erroneous connections contained in the direct lineage from the immigrant Pieter Cornelisse Low to Capt. Peter Low, the Revolutionary War officer of the fifth generation. . . .

      PIETER CORNELISSE (Cornelisze, Cornelissen, Cornelison) arrived in New Netherland, now New York, on 12 February 1659 in de Trouw or The Faith under Captain Jan Jansen Bestevaar. Pieter was listed as a "laborer from Holstein" (PNN 8), which could be interpreted as the duchy of Holstein, now in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, West Germany. His birth is approximated at 1643.

      Nothing further is known about the immigrant's background; however, our knowledge of patronymics indicates his father's given name was Cornelis. Just when the surname Low (Louw, Lowe, Lou, Lau, Loe) was taken is in doubt. The initial reference found at this writing occurred in the baptismal record of Pieter's sixth child Anna on 25 September 1681 (KgB 238). No baptismal records were found for his first five children.

      Apparently Pieter Cornelisse Low went to Wildwyck (later Esopus and now Kingston, Ulster County, New York) soon after his arrival in this country and became a partner in the milling business with Pieter Jacobsen van Holstyn, who came with him in the same ship, suggesting a prior association in the old country.

      On 31 March 1664 Pieter Jacobsen and Pieter Cornelisse mortgaged their mill in Wildwyck to secure a one-year extension on a debt of sixty-one schepels (almost 47 bushels) of "good winter wheat, with four years' interest thereon, being ten per cent annually, due in the month of November of this current year," owed to Nicholus Meyer, merchant of Manhattan (Peter R.Christoph, Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, eds., New York Historical Manuscripts Dutch: Kingston Papers, 2 vols. [Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1976] hereafter KgP, 1:139-140). This indicates the partners acquired the obligation in November 1660 and places them in Kingston less than two years after their arrival in New York.

      Pieter Jacobsen died before the debt was paid, as on 27 January 1665 Pieter Cornelisse agreed to pay their creditors and petitioned the court to appraise "the mill house at Wildwyck, belonging to him and his deceased friend and partner Pieter Jacobsen" (KgP 1:201). The court agreed to comply upon receipt of an inventory of all their mutual effects. This done, on 3 February 1665 the court decided that the petitioner Pieter Cornelisse could sell these effects to the highest bidder at public auction in order to satisfy their debt (KgP 1:206).

      Apparently some patents issued during the Dutch period were not recorded. Therefore, it became necessary to confirm them later. On 27 June 1669 "a lot of ground without the land port at Esopus, together with a parcel of valley or meadow and water stream belonging to his mill [containing almost 3 acres]" was confirmed to Pieter Cornelisse (G.S. 945, 288, New York Patents, 4 vol: 1664-1679, 2:188).

      The original patent to the property of Pieter Cornelisse has not been found to date. Peter R. Christoph in his introduction to The Kingston Papers has this to say regarding the records:

      The court minutes are a record of the hearings and trials, 1661-1684. The secretary's papers contain copies of legal transactions (contracts, agreements, bonds, wills and powers of attorney) and transfers of real estate for the period 1664-1681. Prior to 1664 no separate secretarial record seems to have been kept, few deeds and mortgages being entered in the first volume of court minutes. (KgP 1:xv)

      On 27 January 1676 Cornelis Woutersen appeared before the court secretary and described a stone "shed" which he had contracted to build for Pieter Cornelisse on his land. In his Early History of Kingston and Ulster County, New York (Marbletown: Ulster County Historical Society, 1975), Marc B. Fried says (p. 140-141):

      The "shed" built for Peter Cornelissen Louw still stands today [1975]. It forms the southeastern portion of the old ruin known as the Louw-Bogardus house, on the east side of Frog Alley or Converse Street in Kingston. . . . It was not long before Louw moved into the stone building, and it became his residence. Although the structure is referred to in the contract as a "shed," it was obviously a substantial building and was doubtless planned as an eventual dwelling house.

      A picture and interesting account of the house built for Pieter Cornelise Low is included in Helen Wilkinson Reynolds' book Dutch Houses in the Hudson Valley Before 1776 (New York: Payson and Clarke, 1929), pages 210-211, 263.

      In 1668 Pieter Cornelisse Low married Elisabeth Blansjan or Blanchan, born in 1651, probably at Mannheim in the Rhenish Palatinate, now in the state of Baden-W??rttemberg, West Germany, daughter of Matthew Blanchan and Magdalena Joire, French refugees from the Inquisition in the Spanish Nether??lands (Ruth P. Heidgerd, Matthew Blanchan in Europe and America [New Paltz, N.Y.: Huguenot Historical Society, 1979] p. 1-4). The marriage took place in the Old Dutch Church of Kingston (KgM 28). Although the exact dates of banns or marriage are not given in the record, other genealogists place the marriage on 27 October 1668. Evidently they derived this date from marriages recorded immediately before Pieter's.

      Pieter Cornelisse Low made two wills, the first jointly with his wife Elisabeth, dated 1 November 1676, in which the survivor shall possess the entire estate, with provisions for remarriage (UCW 1:35). The other will was dated 20 December 1690 and was made by Pieter alone. In it his wife receives all his estate while she remains a widow. If she remarries, half goes to the children, and the other half is to be rented out until the youngest child comes of age; then what is left is to be equally divided among the children. Pieter Cornelisse Low signed both wills with his mark.

      Pieter's second will was probated 4 March 1707 in Ulster County (UCW 1:73). However, he died by 1692, the approximated date of his widow Elisabeth Blanchan's second marriage to Jan Focken [Heermans]. Elisabeth and Jan had two children: (1) Wilhelmus, baptized 7 May 1693, sponsors Andries Breed??stede, Annetje Breedstede (BDC 214); and (2) Grietje, baptized 30 August 1696, sponsors Tymen van Bossen, Grietje van Bossen (KgB 919), married 21 April 1727 Jan Maklien (KgM 616).

      Children of Pieter Cornelisse and Elisabeth (Blanchan) Low, all probably born at Kingston: . . .

      i. Cornelius, b. c.1670, m. 1695 Margareta van Borsum.

      ii. Magdalena, b. c.1672, m. Benjamin Smedes.

      iii. Matthys, b. c.1674, m. with lic. 1 Sept. 1698 Jannetje Heyning (MDC 88).

      iv. Johannes, b. c.1676, m. (1) with lic. 5 Apr. 1707 Engeltje Brestede (MDC 107); (2) 6 May 1714 Christine Vas (KgM 314).

      v. Pieter, b. c.1678, m. 11 Jan. 1702 Geertruy Vernoy (KgM 184).

      vi. Anna, bap. 256 [sic; should be 25,] Sept. 1681, sponsors Matys Slegt, Cathrina Blan Jean, Sara Kellenaar (KgB 238), m. 20 July 1701 Philip Vile (KgM 176).

      vii. Abraham, bap. 15 July 1683, sponsors Jan Tyse, Margriet Claas (KgB 315), m. (banns 14 Dec. 1707) Jannetie Lesier (KgM 254).

      viii. Maria, bap. 1 Jan. 1686, sponsors Jan Tyse and Magdaleen Blanjean (KgB 441), m. (banns 14 Oct. 1705) Aert van Wagene (KgM 236); she d. 20 June 1733.

      ix. Jacob, bap. 24 June 1688, sponsors Jacob du Bois, Marie Magdaleine [surname not given] (KgB 577), m. 28 June 1715 Saara Turk (KgM 330).

      (4) Anjou, Gustave, Ulster County, N.Y. Probate Records, New York, NY: Gustave Anjou, 1906, vol. I, p. 35:

      [Secretary's Papers,] Liber B., page 274. T.D.R., Liber 2, p. 250.

      CORNELISSEN, PETER, and Elizabeth Blansjan.

      Testamentary disposition, dated Nov. 1, 1676, and written in Dutch.

      "The survivor shall possess the entire estate; at re-marriage, one half thereof shall go to the children. If both parties should die without having re-married, the children are to inherit the property, the minors first being brought up. If either party should survive, and not marry, such survivor shall have the use of the estate until death. Signed in the presence of MATTYS BARENTSEN and Hendrick Ryke by

      PETER CORNELISEN (his mark)
      ELISIEBETH BLANSAN.

      HEYNDERYCK RYCKE
      MATTYS CORNELIS SLECHT.["]

      [Note by compiler: The compiler has not found a record of the probate of this will.]

      (5) Anjou, Gustave, Ulster County, N.Y. Probate Records, New York, NY: Gustave Anjou, 1906, vol. I, p. 73:

      [Book of Deeds, Liber I,] Page 429.?LOW, PIETER CORNELISSE, of Kingstown, Yeoman.

      Will dated Dec. 20, 1690.

      "My deare beloved wife Elizabeth shall possess and Injoy all my Estate of lands Chattles, and Implements of household goods and tenements" "during her widdo ship" "but if my said wife shall Come to Remarry again yt shee shall deliver to my Children ye Right halfe of all my Estate" "and yt she shall have ye other halfe" "and yt the other halfe of my Estate to be Rented out or uppon use untill ye Youngest of my Children be Come to their age and then what is Left of that halfe to bee Equally Devided among them all and noot before, also I will yt my wife Shall w'th:in one Yere after my death deliver of Cause to be delivered to my Eldest Sonn Cornelis Pieterse Low one horse."

      PIETER CORNELISSE LOW (the mark of, sett by his own hand)

      WILLIAM HAYNES
      JOHN PETERSE (his mark)
      HUMPHREY DAVENPORT

      (Humphrey Davenport appeared, March 4, 1707/8, before the Court, proving the will).

      (See his former will, supra.)

      [Note by compiler: Pieter died sometime between December 20, 1690 (the date of execution of the latter will) and 1692 (when his widow remarried). The compiler does not know why the probate of the latter will was delayed until 1708.]
    Person ID I11364  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2021 

    Family Elisabeth BLANCHAN,   b. Abt 1651, Mannheim, Pfalz [now Baden-W??rttemberg], Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 27 Oct 1668  Old Dutch Church, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • (1) Hoes, Roswell Randall, Baptismal and Marriage Records of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, 1660-1809, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1980, p. 503:

      1668. . .

      It is not known who performed the following Marriages, or published the Banns. . . . They were recorded by William de la Montagne. . . .

      [Date of marriage not given]

      28 PIETER CORNELLISEN, and Elisabet BLANSJAN, j.d. Date of banns not given.

      [Although the exact dates of banns or marriage are not given in the record, other sources place the marriage on 27 October 1668.]
    Children 
     1. Cornelius LOW, Sr.,   b. Abt 1670, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1748, Newark, Essex County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years)
     2. Magdalena LOW,   b. Abt 1672, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Matthys LOW,   b. Abt 1674, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1740  (Age ~ 66 years)
     4. Johannes LOW,   b. Abt 1676, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Pieter LOW,   b. Abt 1678, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Anna LOW,   b. Bef 25 Sep 1681, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Abraham LOW,   b. Bef 15 Jul 1683, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Maria LOW,   b. Bef 1 Jan 1686, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 1733  (Age > 47 years)
     9. Jacob LOW,   b. Bef 24 Jun 1688, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2021 
    Family ID F5249  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart